How Does Mitochondria Perform Cellular Respiration?

What does mitochondria do in cellular respiration?

Mitochondria produce energy through the process of cellular respiration.

The mitochondria take food molecules in the form of carbohydrates and combine them with oxygen to produce the ATP.

They use proteins called enzymes to produce the correct chemical reaction..

How does the structure of the mitochondria allow cellular respiration?

Mitochondria, organelles specialized to carry out aerobic respiration, contain an inner membrane folded into cristae, which form two separate compartments: the inner membrane space and the matrix. … The electron transport chain is embedded in the inner membrane and uses both compartments to make ATP by chemiosmosis.

What do mitochondria give off during cellular respiration?

The products of cellular respiration are carbon dioxide and water. Carbon dioxide is transported from your mitochondria out of your cell, to your red blood cells, and back to your lungs to be exhaled. ATP is generated in the process.

Where in mitochondria does cellular respiration occur?

The enzymatic reactions of cellular respiration begin in the cytoplasm, but most of the reactions occur in the mitochondria. Cellular respiration occurs in the double-membrane organelle called the mitochondrion. The folds in the inner membrane are called cristae.

What does cellular respiration release?

During the process of glycolysis in cellular respiration, glucose is oxidized to carbon dioxide and water. Energy released during the reaction is captured by the energy-carrying molecule ATP (adenosine triphosphate).

What are the outputs of cellular respiration?

Unit 5: Photosynthesis & Cell RespirationQuestionAnswerWhat are the inputs of cellular respiration?Glucose, oxygenWhat are the outputs of cellular respiration?Carbon dioxide, water, energy (ATP)What is the site of cellular respiration?Mitochondria17 more rows

What simple sugar is broken down in the mitochondria quizlet?

Terms in this set (7) What simple sugar is broken down in the mitochondria? Glucose is broken down by the mitochondria by what process? In humans and other animals where does the glucose come from? Why is this process called “aerobic”?

What simple sugar is broken down in the mitochondria?

GlucoseGlucose is a simple sugar that is broken down in the mitochondria. Glucose molecules are initially made by plants through the chemical reaction of…

What is the cellular respiration formula?

Notice that the equation for cellular respiration is the direct opposite of photosynthesis: Cellular Respiration: C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O.

What type of cells would have more mitochondria?

Some cells have more mitochondria than others. Your fat cells have many mitochondria because they store a lot of energy. Muscle cells have many mitochondria, which allows them to respond quickly to the need for doing work. Mitochondria occupy 15 to 20 percent of mammalian liver cells according to Karp.

Why are mitochondria called the powerhouse of the cell answers?

Mitochondria are tiny organelles inside cells that are involved in releasing energy from food. This process is known as cellular respiration. It is for this reason that mitochondria are often referred to as the powerhouses of the cell.