- What viruses can cause birth defects?
- How do I know if I have Zika while pregnant?
- Where is Zika still a threat?
- What can Zika do to babies?
- What stage of pregnancy does Zika affect?
- How long does Zika stay in sperm?
- How long after getting Zika Can you have a baby?
- Does Zika affect babies already born?
- Is Zika still a threat 2020?
- Can you tell if a baby has Zika from an ultrasound?
- What is the relationship between the Zika virus and babies in the South America?
- Are Zika babies mentally challenged?
- Is Zika a lifelong disease?
- Are mosquito bites worse pregnant?
- Where is Zika still active?
What viruses can cause birth defects?
Toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus (CMV), varicella, rubella, and lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) are among the agents that are recognized to have the potential to cause birth defects in a developing fetus..
How do I know if I have Zika while pregnant?
You can find out if you have Zika with a blood test or a urine test. Your health care provider may use both tests. Most people with Zika (about 80 percent or 4 in 5 people) don’t get sick and have no signs or symptoms. If you do get sick with Zika, it’s usually a mild illness, and you may not even know you’re infected.
Where is Zika still a threat?
There is no current local transmission of Zika virus in the continental United States, including Florida and Texas, which reported local transmission of Zika virus by mosquitoes in 2016-17. No Zika virus transmission by mosquitoes has ever been reported in Alaska and Hawaii.
What can Zika do to babies?
In pregnant women, the virus can cause miscarriages, stillborn babies, or babies with birth defects. One serious birth defect caused by Zika is microcephaly. In microcephaly (the medical word for small head), a baby’s brain and skull don’t grow properly, so the baby will have severe developmental and health problems.
What stage of pregnancy does Zika affect?
Among women with confirmed Zika infection during the first trimester, 8 percent — nearly 1 in 12 — had a baby or fetus with Zika-related birth defects. For infections in the second trimester, 5 percent were affected, and in the third trimester, 4 percent, according to the CDC.
How long does Zika stay in sperm?
The CDC currently recommends that men who have traveled to a Zika-active region either use condoms or abstain from sex for at least 6 months. But that guideline is based on data showing that genetic traces of Zika virus can be found in semen 180 days after infection.
How long after getting Zika Can you have a baby?
Women should wait at least 2 months after travel (or 2 months after symptoms started if they get sick) before trying to get pregnant. The waiting period is longer for men because Zika stays in semen longer than in other body fluids.
Does Zika affect babies already born?
Nearly one-third of children who were exposed to the Zika virus in utero exhibited developmental delays as toddlers. The virus can affect brain tissue and leave calcium deposits that can affect an infant after they are born.
Is Zika still a threat 2020?
As of January 2020, there are no areas with a current Zika outbreak. If you are trying to get pregnant, or your partner is trying to get pregnant, then you may want to reconsider travel because of the virus’s link to birth defects and complications.
Can you tell if a baby has Zika from an ultrasound?
Brain abnormalities associated with congenital Zika syndrome have been identified by ultrasound in the second and third trimesters in published case reports. CDC previously recommended serial ultrasounds every 3-4 weeks for women exposed during pregnancy with laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection.
What is the relationship between the Zika virus and babies in the South America?
Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause infants to be born with microcephaly and other congenital malformations, known as congenital Zika syndrome.
Are Zika babies mentally challenged?
Babies born with microcephaly can have trouble moving their arms and legs and problems with feeding because of difficulties sucking and swallowing. A smaller head at birth is also associated with mental retardation.
Is Zika a lifelong disease?
The body clears the Zika virus eventually. There are some viruses that stay in the body permanently — herpes and the AIDS virus HIV, for example. But Zika virus is one that the immune system eventually gets rid of. Several viruses are known to cause birth defects if the mother is infected during pregnancy.
Are mosquito bites worse pregnant?
Yes, mosquitoes do seem to find pregnant women more enticing than women who aren’t pregnant. In addition to the annoyance of itching and scratching, greater risk for mosquito bites means greater risk for the Zika virus as well as other diseases transmitted by mosquitoes, like West Nile virus, dengue fever, and malaria.
Where is Zika still active?
The virus is still circulating in Southeast Asia and South Asia, but large numbers of new infections and Zika-related birth defects are not being reported, Ko said. The only region reporting an active Zika outbreak is in India’s northwestern state of Rajasthan.