Question: Why Do Older Adults Need B12 Supplement?

Why are the elderly at risk for vitamin b12 deficiency?

Vitamin B12 deficiency is common among the elderly.

Elderly people are particularly at risk of vitamin B12 deficiency because of the high prevalence of atrophic gastritis-associated food-cobalamin (vitamin B12) malabsorption, and the increasing prevalence of pernicious anaemia with advancing age..

How much B 12 should a senior take?

In advanced cases, nerve problems may not improve. People who eat meat or cereals fortified with vitamin B-12 are likely getting the recommended daily intake of 2.4 micrograms. Older adults may benefit from a daily supplement to prevent deficiency. Vitamin B-12 is not toxic so there are no concerns about an overdose.

Does vitamin b12 help dementia?

Some studies suggest low vitamin B-12 levels may be associated with an increased risk of dementia. But supplementation with B vitamins has not been shown to improve brain function or symptoms of memory loss. Regardless of its role in memory, vitamin B-12 remains an important part of a healthy diet.

What happens if my b12 is too low?

Not having enough B12 can lead to anemia, which means your body does not have enough red blood cells to do the job. This can make you feel weak and tired. Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause damage to your nerves and can affect memory and thinking.

How do you know if your b12 is low?

Symptoms of Vitamin B12 DeficiencyWeakness, tiredness, or lightheadedness.Heart palpitations and shortness of breath.Pale skin.A smooth tongue.Constipation, diarrhea, loss of appetite, or gas.Nerve problems like numbness or tingling, muscle weakness, and problems walking.Vision loss.More items…•

Can Vitamin b12 deficiency cause high cholesterol?

In conclusion, the vitamin B12 plays an important role in the adipocyte metabolism and its deficiency led to increased homocysteine and total cholesterol. This is one of the first studies providing a direct mechanism by which vitamin B12 may be regulating wider metabolic changes, particularly in states of deficiency.

What medications should not be taken with b12?

Certain medications can decrease the absorption of vitamin B12, including: colchicine, metformin, extended-release potassium products, antibiotics (such as gentamicin, neomycin, tobramycin), anti-seizure medications (such as phenobarbital, phenytoin, primidone), medications to treat heartburn (such as H2 blockers …

Who is most likely to have a b12 deficiency?

Vegans (people who don’t eat any meat, dairy, or eggs) are most at risk for developing a B12 deficiency because, aside from fortified breakfast cereals, the only reliable dietary sources of vitamin B12 are animal-derived products.

Which Nutritional Drink is best for elderly?

Supplemental nutrition made up of a balance of protein, carbohydrates and fat may be the most palatable way for a senior to ingest calories. For example, the aptly named Boost product is a very high calorie drink, boasting 550 calories in an 8-ounce serving.

What is the best b12 supplement?

The body may absorb cyanocobalamin better, while methylcobalamin has a higher retention rate. Both can prevent B12 deficiency, but methylcobalamin should be combined with adenosylcobalamin for best results.

What does a b12 deficiency tongue look like?

Clinical Findings in Tongue Pathology B12 deficiency will also make the tongue sore and beefy-red in color. Glossitis, by causing swelling of the tongue, may also cause the tongue to appear smooth.

What is the best supplement for elderly?

What If I’m Over 50?Calcium. Calcium works with vitamin D to keep bones strong at all ages. … Vitamin D. Most people’s bodies make enough vitamin D if they are in the sun for 15 to 30 minutes at least twice a week. … Vitamin B6. This vitamin is needed to form red blood cells. … Vitamin B12.

How much b12 should a 70 year old woman take?

What’s the recommended dosage of vitamin B12 for seniors? The recommended daily allowance of vitamin B12 for adults is 2.4 micrograms. Experts have estimated that a Western diet contains 5-7 micrograms of vitamin B12, and a multivitamin often contains 12-25 micrograms.

How much vitamin D should a 70 year old woman take?

Vitamin D Recommendations According to the report, children older than 1 years old and adults up to 70 years of age are recommended to consume 600 IU of vitamin D daily and adults greater than 70 years of age are recommended to consume 800 IU of vitamin D daily [40].

How long does b12 deficiency take to correct?

Recovery from vitamin B12 deficiency takes time and you may not experience any improvement during the first few months of treatment. Improvement may be gradual and may continue for up to six to 12 months.